BMEGT41M411

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A tárgy címe: 
Philosophy of Science
A tárgy angol címe: 
Philosophy of Science
Nyelv: 
angol
Kreditpont: 
3
Órabontás: 
vizsga
Lezárás: 
vizsgajegy
Heti óraszám: 
2
Hány féléves: 
2
Szemeszter: 
őszi/tavaszi
Oktatás módja: 

Frontal introduction to topics, non-frontal discussion based on reading assignments.

Tárgyfelelős: 
Kidolgozta: 
A tárgy előadói: 
A tárgy célkitűzése: 

Most major issues of philosophy of science have direct relevance to various fields of cognitive science, and, conversely, cognitive science is relevant for nearly all hot topics in philosophy of science. The course thematizes these overlaps, gives an introduction to their genesis, and surveys recent contributions that connect contemporary approaches to cognitive science with ongoing research in philosophy of science. The aim is to foster both enculturation in cognitive science as well as sensitivity and responsiveness to philosophical issues. It is therefore suitable for students doing research degrees either in cognitive science or in naturalized philosophy of science.

Követelmény: 

a.  A szorgalmi időszakban: szóbeli vagy írásbeli referátumok készítése az előadások és a megadott irodalom alapján. Az előadások legalább 70%-án való jelenlét és aktív részvétel.

b.  A vizsgaidőszakban: vizsga (megajánlott jegy a félévi munka alapján lehetséges)

c.  Elővizsga: nincs

Tematika: 
  1. Science and motivation

PAUL THAGARD: The passionate scientist: emotion in scientific cognition CSS 235

CHRISTOPHER HOOKWAYEmotions and epistemic evaluations CSS251

PHILIP KITCHER: Social psychology and the theory of science CSS263

 

  1. Science and cognition; Systems, networks, nets:

ROSEMARY VARLEY: Science without grammar: scientific reasoning in severe agrammatic aphasia CSS99

ALISON GOPNIK AND CLARK GLYMOUR: Causal maps and Bayes nets: a cognitive and computational account of theory-formation CSS117

NANCY J. NERSESSIAN:  The cognitive basis of model-based reasoning in science CSS133

KEVIN N. DUNBAR: Understanding the role of cognition in science: the Science as Category framework CSS154

BARBARA KOSLOWSKI AND STEPHANIE THOMPSON: Theorizing is important, and collateral information constrains how well it is done CSS171

JONATHAN ST B. T. EVANSThe influence of prior belief on scientific thinking CSS193

DENIS HILTON  Thinking about causality: pragmatic, social and scientific rationality CSS211

RONALD GIERE: Scientific cognition as distributed cognition CSS285

Giere, R. N. and B. Moffatt (2003). "Distributed Cognition: Where the Cognitive and the Social Merge." Social Studies of Science 33: 301-310.

Solomon, Miriam. 1992. Scientific rationality and human reasoning. Philosophy of Science 59 (3):439-455.

Hardwig, John. 1985. Epistemic Dependence. The Journal of Philosophy 82:335-349.

Andersen, H., P. Barker, et al. (2006). The cognitive structure of scientific revolutions. Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.

Bechtel, W. (2008). Mental Mechanisms: Philosophical Perspectives on Cognitive Neuroscience, Routledge.

 

 

  1. Science and innateness

STEVEN MITHEN Human evolution and the cognitive basis of science CSS23

SCOTT ATRANModular and cultural factors in biological understanding: an experimental approach to the cognitive basis of science CSS41

PETER CARRUTHERS The roots of scientific reasoning: infancy, modularity and the art of tracking CSS73

 

  1. From Empiricism and Logic to scientific practice

 

Hacking, I. (1983). Representing and Intervening. New York, Cambridge University Press.

Pléh, Cs. (2008). History and Theories of the Mind. Budapest, Akadémiai Kiadó.

Farrell, R. P. (2003). Feyerabend and scientific values: tightrope-walking rationality. Dordrecht, Kluwer.

Fodor, J. A. (1974). "Special sciences, or the disunity of science as a working hypothesis." Synthese 28: 77-115.

Kutrovátz, Gábor és Zemplén, Gábor Á. (2010). A tudomány heterogenitása és a naturalizmus. Magyar Filozófiai Szemle 2010(1):89-112.

 

  1. History – Evolution - Genetics - Emergence

 

Gruber, H. E. (1981). Darwin on man: a psychological study of scientific creativity. Chicago, University of Chicago Press.

Sulloway, Frank J. (1996.) Born to rebel: birth order, familiy dynamics, and creative lives. New York, NY: Pantheon Books.

Schickore, Jutta. (2008.) Doing Science, Writing Science. Philosophy of Science 75 (July):323-343.

Buchwald, Jed és Franklin, Allan. 2005. Introduction: Beyond Disunity and Historicism. In Wrong for the Right Reasons, szerk. Buchwald, Jed és Franklin, Allan. Dordrecht: Springer.

Donald T. Campbell (1997) From Evolutionary Epistemology Via Selection Theory to a Sociology of Scientific Validity. Evolution and Cognition, Vol. 3, No. 1 (with response articles: Andy J. Clark: Evolutionary Epistemology and the Scientific Method, Francis Heylighen: Objective, Subjective, and Intersubjective Selectors of Knowledge; Aharon Kantorovich: The Rationality of Innovation and the Scientific Community as a Carrier of Knowledge; Elias L. Khalil: Can Artificial Selection Remedy the Failing of Natural Section with Regard to Scientific Validation?)

Gigerenzer, G. (2000). Adaptive thinking: rationality in the real world. Oxford, Oxford Univ. Press.

McKay, Ryan T.; Dennett, Daniel C. (2009) The evolution of misbelief BEHAVIORAL AND BRAIN SCIENCES  32, 493–561

Mercier, H., Sperber, D. (in press) “Why do humans reason? Arguments for an argumentative theory”. Behavioral and Brain Sciences.

Kötelező irodalom: 

CSS Carruthers, P., S. P. Stich, et al. (2002). The cognitive basis of science. Cambridge, Cambridge Univ. Press.

Hacking, I. (1983). Representing and Intervening. New York, Cambridge University Press.

Pléh, C. (2008). History and Theories of the Mind. Budapest, Akadémiai Kiadó.

Ajánlott irodalom: 

See articles in reading list.

Konzultációs lehetőségek: 

A félév elején ismertetett konzultációs időszakban.

Pótlási lehetőségek: 

Az írásbeli referátumok különeljárási díj ellenében legkésőbb a pótlási hét végéig adható le.

Kontakt óra: 
30 óra
Félévközi készülés órákra: 
30 óra
Házi feladattal töltött idő: 
15 óra
Vizsgafelkészülés: 
15 óra
Összesen: 
90 óra